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Hazrat Umar Faruq Ibn Khattab (Radiallahu Taa’la Anhu)

| Hazrat Umar Faruq Ibn Khattab (Radiallahu Taa’la Anhu) |
Hazrat Umar Faruk Ibn-Al-Khattab (R.A.) was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs. He was the second Caliph of Islam after Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A), Senior Companion of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), and one of them who got the reward of Heaven from our Prophet(PBUH). If we look back in the history of Islam the people who played a great role in spreading Islam the one prominent name that comes to our mind will be Hazrat Umar (R.A).
He was born in 583 A.C in Banu Adi family a tribe of Quraish in Makkatul Mukarrama. He was non-Muslim in the start and he was a businessman by occupation. Before accepting Islam; Umar (R.A) was one of the most extreme enemies of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Hazrat Umar (R.A) was one of the educated people in the Quraish family in that period of time when only a few people were literate and could read & write. He also got familiar with the art and science of genetics and knew the history of Arabia and was very brave. Hazrat Umar (R.A) was a well-known wrestler, debater, and spirited person in his youth time. He was also famous for his flawless horse-riding skills. He was an intelligent person and a renowned public speaker and a successful ambassador of Quraish.
Although Umar (R.A) had flawless intellectual and physical talents, unfortunately, he had not accepted the Messenger of Allah and Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
He opposed Islam and threatened to kill the Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). When he was on his way to execute his plan to kill Holy Prophet (PBUH), he came to know about his sister and brother in law of embracing Islam. He went to his sister, Fatima`s house where his sister and his brother-in-law were being taught Quran by Khabab (R.A). He inquired about their acceptance of Islam and start quarreling with them. He slapped his sister in a way that she bled heavily, after seeing his sister bleeding he calmed down out of the guilt and asked her sister to show him the pages where Quran is written. He recited the Quran after taking bath; it was the beginning of Surah Ta Ha. Finally, he came to the verse:
“Indeed, I am Allah. There is no deity except Me, so worship Me and establish prayer for My remembrance.” Quran [20:14]
He was greatly moved by the Holy verses after reading and approved them as the words of Allah. On hearing this Hazrat Khabbab (R.A), who had hidden in the house, came out from inside and said, “O Umar! Pleasing information for you. It seems that the prayer of Muhammad (PBUH) which he said last night has been answered in your favor. He prayed to Allah: “O Allah, strengthen Islam with either Umar bin Khattab or Abu Jahl, whom so ever Thou pleased”.
Hazrat Umar then went to Muhammad (PBUH) On seeing him, Prophet (PBUH) asked him, “Umar! What brings you here”? He said, “I am here to accept Islam” reflected through the air of Makah. That’s how he accepted Islam. He was 39 years old when he accepted Islam.
Muslims were not able to offer Salah publicly due to fear of the chiefs of Quraish. But when Hazrat Umar (R.A) accepted Islam and came into the circle of Islam, believers came out openly as they knew no one has dared to face Umar (R.A). He was the one who first suggested to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) that they should perform Salah in the Holy Kaaba, where the Messenger of Allah for the first time led the Muslim prayer. Due to such fearless proposal of Hazrat Umar (R.A), he was given the title of Al-Faruq by Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), which means “the one who distinguishes between the right and the wrong”.
In 622 A.D, The Creator of the world ordered the Muslims to migrate from Makkah immediately so that the Muslims could be saved from the tortures of the Makkah disbelievers. It was a time of great fear because Muslims thought that they would be oppressed if non-Muslims had come to know about their migration. Everyone was on the way to migrating towards Medina quietly apart from the brave Umar (R.A.), who after performing Namaz in Kaaba, openly declared his endeavor in front of all and invited him to stop him if they could dare to do so. Then the great Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) said regarding the incomparable confidence of Hazrat Umar (RA) in the given undermentioned words:
“I see that devil either from humans or jinn runs away from Umar” (Tirmizi).
After the death of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), Umar (R.A) was in deep sorrow. At that time Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) consoled him. At that time a dispute arose that who would take the responsibility after the death of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) then Umar (R.A) addressed Muslims about the great character of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) relating his closeness to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and suggested to make him the first Caliph of Islam. After the death of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) Faruq E Azam Hazrat Umar (R.A) took the responsibility and became the second Caliph of Muslim Ummah. He followed the footsteps of Muhammad (PBUH) to the fullest extent. It was Hazrat Umar (R.A.) under whose rule Islam became an international power and the mighty empires of Persia and Byzantine collapse before the army of Islam. Within ten years of his glorious rule, the whole of the Persian Empire, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and a part of Turkey came under the banner of Islam and the nations entered the layer of Islam.
He was not only an undefeated but also an excellent administrator who introduced an efficient system of administration, Hence he was the real founder of a political system of Islam. He imposed Divine Law as the code of a newly formed International Islamic State; he safeguarded the internal safety by introducing the police force: he gave stipends to the poor; he constructed headquarters and forts for the safety of Islamic armies; he founded new cities for the growth of Islamic culture and civilization; he improved agriculture and economics of the Islamic State; he founded the educational system in an Islamic State; in brief, he was the founder of a great Islamic State.
On 31st October in 644, Piruz attacked Umar (R.A.) while he was leading the morning prayers, stabbing him six times in the belly and finally in the navel, which proved fatal. Umar (R.A.) was left profusely bleeding while Piruz tried to flee, but people from all sides rushed to capture him; in his efforts to escape he was reported to have wounded twelve other people, six or nine of whom later died, before slashing himself with his own blade to commit suicide.
The second Caliph of Islam Hazrat Umar Faruq(R.A.) died of the wounds three days later on Wednesday 3rd November in 644 (26th Dhū al-Ḥijja 23).
In short, Hazrat Umar (RA) is the role model for every Muslim. He was an embodiment of justice, principles, piety, humility, and noble character. He performed all his roles whether personal or professional with intensity and not a single example can be put forward which shows that he performed his role less than perfect.
Central Member,
Bangladesh Islami Chattrasena.

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